With the arrival of summer and holidays, we spend more time on the beach and in the pool, which, together with the currents and pressure changes, increases the number of cases of otitis. This disease is especially common in children since the size of their ears is smaller making it easier for these types of infections to appear. According to the Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP), practically 90% of children will have suffered some episode of otitis during their childhood. What is otitis? Otitis is an inflammation of the ear. There are two types: external or swimmer's ear and otitis media. The otitis externa swimmer 's ear is an infection of the ear canal which carries the sound of the outside of the body towards the eardrum and can be caused by bacteria or fungi. The otitis media is the presence of a liquid with or without pus in the cavity of the middle ear, just behind the eardrum. It occurs when the Eustachian tube (the canal that connects the ear to the throat) becomes blocked, preventing the fluid from draining, causing an infection. During the summer months, cases of otitis increase since, with bathing in beaches and swimming pools, the water can remain in the ear canals causing an infection. What causes otitis in summer? In the summer we have a much greater chance of suffering from otitis because the conditions are suitable for our ear to become infected. We tell you what they are: Moisture in the ear: As we have already commented previously, when we spend a lot of time at the beach or pool, the water can remain in the ear canals causing infection to occur. Air conditioning: In order to withstand the high temperatures, we resort to air conditioning, which reduces the humidity of the environment, affecting the ears. Pressure swings: Air travel that is so frequent during these months can cause discomfort for people with sensitive ears. Symptoms of otitis There are several symptoms that can cause inflammation in the ear, but the most common is pain in the tragus, the cartilaginous part that is in front of the entrance to the ear canal. Sometimes it can also manifest with a redness of the external auditory canal and much less frequently with fever. Tips to avoid otitis in summer Here are some tips that you can apply to avoid ear infections in both adults and children. 1. Make sure to keep your ears clean and dry after every bath. 2. Try to avoid beaches or pools where the water is not clean. 3. Be especially careful with drafts and air conditioning. 4. When you go to enter the water, avoid doing it abruptly so as not to damage your ears. 5. Avoid inserting objects such as swabs into the ear, as they can damage the ear's natural cleaning system. With these simple tips you can avoid the dreaded otitis and also enjoy a well-deserved vacation without incident. We also give you some recommendations so you can enjoy a safe summer with your family. At AFEMEFA we recommend that in the event of any symptoms or discomfort you go quickly to the doctor to prevent it from going to more and the doctor can cure the infection with the appropriate medication. In our Medical Staff we have the best specialists to treat otitis.
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